As mentioned elsewhere, during initialisation the user was asked if he wanted the SIN, RND, and SQR functions to be available. The reason for this was to give the user a chance to save a bit more memory for their programs, by having Basic reclaim the memory used by those functions. That is why these functions are at the very top of the program code.

We use Newton's method to get a close approximation to the square root.

If FACCUM is negative then error out with invalid Function Call (FC) error. | ||||

0C21 | EF | Sqr | RST FTestSign | |

0C22 | FA9804 | JM FunctionCallError | ||

Return immediately if FACCUM is zero, since SQR(0)==0. | ||||

0C25 | C8 | RZ | ||

Get exponent div 2, plus 0x40 (from the bias of 0x80) and keep this value on the stack. Also preserve ptr to exponent byte. | ||||

0C26 | 217201 | LXI H,FACCUM+3 | ||

0C29 | 7E | MOV A,M | ||

0C2A | 1F | RAR | ||

0C2B | F5 | PUSH PSW | ||

0C2C | E5 | PUSH H | ||

Set exponent to 0. | ||||

0C2D | 3E40 | MVI A,40 | ||

0C2F | 17 | RAL | ||

0C30 | 77 | MOV M,A | ||

Create a copy of FACCUM in FBUFFER. | ||||

0C31 | 217401 | LXI H,FBUFFER | ||

0C34 | CD290A | CALL FCopyToMem | ||

Loop through Newton's method 4 times. | ||||

0C37 | 3E04 | MVI A,04 | ||

0C39 | F5 | SqrLoop | PUSH PSW | |

FACCUM = ( (Original FACCUM / FACCUM) + FACCUM) * 0.5. This is the essence of newton's method. | ||||

0C3A | CD020A | CALL FPush | ||

0C3D | 217401 | LXI H,FBUFFER | ||

0C40 | CD200A | CALL FLoadBCDEfromMem | ||

0C43 | CD3109 | CALL FDiv+2 | ||

0C46 | C1 | POP B | ||

0C47 | D1 | POP D | ||

0C48 | CD1208 | CALL FAdd+2 | ||

0C4B | 010080 | LXI B,8000 | ||

0C4E | 51 | MOV D,C | ||

0C4F | 59 | MOV E,C | ||

0C50 | CDE508 | CALL FMul | ||

Loop until done 4 iterations | ||||

0C53 | F1 | POP PSW | ||

0C54 | 3D | DCR A | ||

0C55 | C2390C | JNZ SqrLoop | ||

Restore ptr to exponent byte, and restore the original exponent-div-2-plus-0x40 to A. | ||||

0C58 | E1 | POP H | ||

0C59 | F1 | POP PSW | ||

Correct the bias, so now we have original exponent-div-2 in A. This is then added to the existing exponent and stored. | ||||

0C5A | C6C0 | ADI C0 | ||

0C5C | 86 | ADD M | ||

0C5D | 77 | MOV M,A | ||

0C5E | C9 | RET |

[Index] [Previous] [Next]